Montana Department of Natural Resources and Conservation, Montana Department of Agriculture, all National Forests in Montana, and Montana Fish Wildlife and Parks all strongly advise that firewood should be bought and used locally to prevent the spread of pests within the state, and to prevent pests from accidentally entering the state. Montana state parks also encourage campers to leave their wood at home and to buy locally when using state campgrounds. The Gallatin National Forest advises firewood cutting permittees to only cut and move beetle-killed pine that no longer has any needles attached to branches, to prevent the movement of mountain pine beetles. Many visitors to Montana live in areas under quarantine for pests such as emerald ash borer, gypsy moth, pine shoot beetle, and Asian longhorned beetle, and it is illegal to move any regulated items (most firewood is considered a regulated item) from quarantined zones out of those states and into Montana. This summary is accurate to the best of DMF staff abilities as of 3 October 2019.
Crossing from the USA into Canada: It is against Canadian law to bring firewood from the USA into Canada for personal use without an appropriate permit. The firewood must also be packaged and labeled to show it has been heat treated to a minimum core temperature of 56°C for a minimum of 30 minutes. Canada encourages buying local and burning local firewood through their campaign buylocalburnlocal.ca.
Crossing from Canada into the USA: It is against US law to bring any untreated firewood for personal use (including both hardwood and softwood/conifer) from Canada into the USA.
Montana Web Resources:
- Montana Department of Natural Resources and Conservation Don’t Move Firewood page
- Gallatin National Forest: Mountain Pine Beetles and Firewood Permits alert (2013)
- Missoula Montana KOA: Don’t Move Firewood information
- Montana State Parks “What’s Lurking in your Firewood” news article (2014)
- Emerald Ash Borer Readiness and Response Plan, Montana Dept of Natural Resources and Conservation, January 2015 edition
- Emerald Ash Borer Federal Quarantine and Authorized Transit map
- European Gypsy Moth North America Quarantine Map
- Eastern Heath Snail, Montana Field Guide
- Pine Shoot Moth External Quarantine
- Pine Shoot Beetle, Federal Quarantine Map
- Blog: Emerald Ash Borer Awareness Week Press Release by Montana Department of Agriculture (2014)
- Blog: Billboards in Idaho and Montana this summer (2014)
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